Eduard Tubin(1905-1982), Estonian composer and conductor, studied to play piano and violin when he was young, then entered the Tartu Teacher's College to study music. He took up conducting in the "Vanemuine" theater. In 1944 due to Russian invasion, he left Estonia and fled to Sweden where he remained for the rest of his life. He received several awards from Swedish music organizations. His music was influenced by Estonian folk music in his earlier works. He composed 10 symphonies, and other orchestral works.